Skin types

Every person’s skin is unique. Nevertheless, the individual structures, functions and needs of each skin can be recognised based on skin type and age.


What skin types are there?

Normal skin -

Normal skin

It is the ideal type because it has a good balance of oil and moisture and the skin’s protective layer is intact. This means that normal skin is very well protected against dehydration and harmful environmental influences. The result: It not only feels good, but also looks good – smooth and even. Normal skin requires the least amount of care, as it provides itself almost completely with everything it needs.

Sensitive skin -

Sensitive skin

The natural barrier function is disturbed, which is why sensitive skin, as the name suggests, reacts very sensitively to internal and external stresses. The symptoms range from tightness, itching or burning to redness and breakouts. Sensitive skin is usually also dry and needs good moisturising care with soothing ingredients that gently nourish the skin.

Oily skin -

Oily skin

Oily skin has a greasy sheen, enlarged pores and is often prone to breakouts and blackheads. The reason is that oily skin produces too much sebum. However, excessive cleansing causes excessive drying, you will dry it out excessively, irritate it and disrupt its balance even further. Oily skin requires oil-free or low-oil cleansing and care products that support its barrier function and keep the skin microbiome in good balance.

Combination skin -

Combination skin

The forehead, nose and chin are more oily than the sides of the face as they have more sebaceous glands. The same applies to the chest and shoulders as well as the outer sides of the upper arms: They tend to be more oily, while the rest of the body’s skin is drier. In terms of skin care, this means that drier areas of skin should be cleansed more gently and treated more intensively, i.e. with hydrating moisturisers.

Blemish-Prone Skin -

Blemish-Prone Skin

If the openings of the sebaceous glands are blocked due to too much sebum or keratinisation disorders, the accumulated sebum forms blackheads. Acne bacteria can multiply in the blocked glands and cause purulent inflammation, which becomes visible as red, swollen breakouts. If this occurs frequently and intensively, it is known as acne. After the breakouts have healed, an enlarged pore, sometimes a scar or, in the case of darker skin types, dark spots often remain. For blemish-prone skin, soap-free cleansing and oil-free care with pH 5.5 help to alleviate the problems – also as products to support an acne treatment.

Dry skin -

Dry skin

Dry skin lacks moisture and often also oil, which makes it tight, rough to scaly and itchy. Dry skin tends to look dull and lacklustre and has small wrinkles. The dryness impairs the barrier function, which is why dry skin is often sensitive at the same time. It is important to combine gentle cleansing with balanced, moisturising and replenishing care.

Rosacea-prone skin -

Rosacea-prone skin

Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory skin disease that initially occurs in phases. Initially transient, it later leads to constant redness, enlarged veins, sometimes swelling and scaling and even acne-like breakouts on the face. The reason for this is presumably an increased tendency for inflammation of the facial skin associated with a disturbance of the skin microbiome balance. The symptoms are triggered by external factors. In addition to particularly mild cleansing, the skin needs lasting protection against irritants as well as skin-soothing, barrier-strengthening care.

Baby skin -

Baby skin

As delicate and soft as it feels, it is also sensitive and in need of protection: Baby skin does not yet have a fully developed barrier function after birth. This is why cleansing products for babies and toddlers need to be particularly mild. Baby skin care is not only a hygienic necessity, but above all a form of communication that is literally close to the skin and particularly loving. It goes without saying that moisturising is also important to compensate for and prevent dehydration. Gentle but thorough cleansing and protective care are particularly important in the nappy area.


Stages of life

Baby skin -

Baby skin

After birth, the natural protective function of the baby skin yet has to mature. While its pH gradually drops from an almost neutral 6.5 to the optimum, slightly acidic value of 5.5, the skin microbiome and barrier function develop. Baby skin is very thin and still produces very little sebum and therefore reacts very sensitively to dehydration and irritation.

Children's skin -

Children's skin

What applies to baby skin also applies to children’s skin, albeit to a slightly lesser extent. This is because although the development of children’s skin is already further advanced, it is not yet complete. Children’s skin is thinner, more vulnerable and therefore more sensitive than adult skin.

Skin during puberty -

Skin during puberty

Puberty means stress for the skin. When hormones bring physical and psychological changes, the skin is no exception. It often becomes oily, blemished or even breaks out. This in turn causes stress which has an even worse effect on the skin. This is where sebamed offers good solutions for skin cleansing and care.

Adult skin -

Adult skin

This skin type cannot be generalised, but is assigned to one of the skin types already mentioned depending on predisposition, lifestyle and environmental influences. Skin care that is well tailored to the respective skin type helps to effectively counteract any skin problems and premature skin ageing.

Mature skin -

Mature skin

The natural decline in the skin’s ability to regenerate and protect itself leads to reduced elasticity, wrinkles, spots and an increased susceptibility to dryness and irritation in mature skin. Skin care should now be adapted accordingly.


The skin in figures

1,5 - 2 m²

Surface area

10 - 20 kg


0,1 - 10 cm


Show more facts

Per square centimetre

6 Mio.


1 bn.



Sensory bodies

400 cm

Nerve endings


Pain receptors


Cold receptors


Heat receptors

100 cm





Sweat glands


Sebaceous glands


Find out more about pH

The pH of our skin is between 4.5 and 6.0, which means that our skin is slightly acidic.

The slightly acidic pH is important for keeping the skin – and everything that lives on it – in a healthy balance.